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(AN-69: dp. 1,275; 1. 194'6"; b. 37'; dr. 13'6"; s.
12.1 k.; cgl. 56; a. 1 3"; cl. Ailanthus)
Stagbush. (AN-69) was laid down on 9 February 1943 by Canulette Shipbuilding Co., Inc., Slidell, La.; launched on 29 January 1944; and commissioned on 30 August 1944, Lt. Comdr. Carl C. Dilcer, USNR, in command.
Stagbush sailed for Melville, R.I., on 8 September only to be e aught in a storm on the 14th off Cape Hatteras, N.C., which required that she be drydocked after her shakedown. She was in the Snow Shipyards, Rockland, Maine, from 12 October to 6 December 1944. When she was ready for sea again, Staybush sailed for Hawaii via the Panama Canal, San Diego, and Tiburon, Mexico, where she took on a load of nets. She arrived at Pearl Harbor on 12 February 1945 and sailed the next day—via Eniwetok; Ulithi; and Leyte, Philippine Islands—for the Ryukyu Islands.
Stagbush arrived at Kerama Retto on 26 March and began laying nets to protect the anchorage. She remained there until mid-July when, after removing the nets, she moved to Buckner Bay, Okinawa. The ship sailed for Wakayama, Japan, on 8 September to assist in clearing mines. A few days later, she laid swept channel buoys in Kii Suido after minesweepers had cleared the entrance. She then returned to Okinawa for acoustic minesweeping gear to be transported to Japan.
Stagbush remained at Sasebo for a few days and then moved to Fukuoka in late October to act as tender for auxiliary motor minesweepers. This duty was completed on 2 December 1945 and the net layer got underway for San Francisco.
Stagbush was decommissioned at Mare Island on 26 March 1946 and struck from the Navy list on 21 May. She was sold to Robert A. Martinolich in April 1947 and converted for merchant service. She burned at Norfolk on 16 October 1954.
Stagbush received one battle star for World War II service.
How Did Bond Work During The Construction of First Transcontinental Railroad (1861-69)?
I was wondering about this, and learned this just yesterday myself. It seems there was a lot of really big stuff going on right at this time: Civil War, intercontinental railroad, brand new taxing system… It's sort of like this is when the country as we now know it was really starting to come into being.
From Sec. 5 of the 1862 Act linked above:
"[T]he issue of said bonds and delivery to the company shall ipso facto constitute a first mortgage on the whole line of the railroad and telegraph, together with the rolling-stock, fixtures, and property of every kind and description, and in consideration of which said bonds may be issued."
A key word there is "in consideration of" which is a standard phrase in contracts to define what is being traded, or what each party is getting out of a contract. A simple bill of sale for an automobile, for example, might read: "In consideration of $2,000, seller hereby transfers title of vehicle to buyer." In the case of the Railroad Act, the bonds are to be issued in consideration of the liens on all the property mentioned.
A little bit later in the same section, the collateral are described a second time, in slightly different language:
"[A]nd on refusal or failure of said company to redeem said bonds or any part of them, when required to do so by the Secretary of the Treasury, in accordance with the provisions of this act, the said road, with all the rights, functions, immunities, and appurtenances thereunto belonging, and also all lands granted to the said company by the United States, which, at the time of said default, shall remain in the ownership of the said company, may be taken possession of by the Secretary of the Treasury for the use and benefit of the United States."
This section clarifies that any various rights attached to the project, whether on the real estate or otherwise, and all of the additional land grants given to the Companies are also included within the lien. Oddly, this part leaves out any mention of the telegraph line. No doubt the final contracts and various documents drawn up to put this into action would be quite thorough in listing out all the details of what is included under the lien.
Considering how the government chartered the Railroad Companies in the first place, and gave them all the land before requiring a lien back on all the same land, this relationship was something a little bit closer to a partnership than a strictly objective lending relationship. It seems to me maybe that's the reason the Gov't was willing to subordinate its bond position to additional first-mortgage commercial debt, since the government had a higher interest in making sure the project were completed than merely seeing its investment redeemed.
U.S.S. DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER
A Nimitz-class supercarrier, the Dwight D. Eisenhower, or Ike, was commissioned in 1977 in Newport News, Virginia. Assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, she was deployed to the Mediterranean Sea.
Service Highlights and some Lowlights
Ike participated in the following operations since her first deployment:
- Response to the Iran hostage crisis
- Eight deployments and one of the longest peacetime deployment
- Collided with a Spanish coal ship that was anchored in the harbor while trying to dock at Norfolk Naval Station
- Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm
- Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti
- Operation Southern Watch and Deny Flight
- Deployed in 2007 to cover those striking Al-Qaeda targets with ships from the Task Force countries
- Battle group exercises off the coast of Iran
- Deployed to the Arabian Sea to support Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom
- Anti-piracy operations
USS Dwight D. Eisenhower Awards
Ike has earned several awards and honors over the duration of her service:
Stagbush AN-69 - History
1969 On July 20th, one of mans crowning achievements occurred when American Astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the Moon and uttered the immortal words "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." The opposition to the war continued to increase with more and more attending anti-war demonstrations and demanding that the U.S. withdrew from Vietnam. The music came from groups including the Doors, Led Zeppelin, Janis Joplin and the Beatles. The most famous music festival of modern times, "WOODSTOCK", took place on a New York farm on August 15th-17th with more than 400,000 avid music fans attending to see the Who, Jimi Hendrix, Crosby Stills Nash and Young and others perform live. Fashions reflected the anti war sentiment with military jackets adorned with peace signs, and other trends including long, unkempt, wild hair and headbands showed the feelings of anti-establishment felt by the youth.
How Much things cost in 1969
Yearly Inflation Rate USA 5.46 %
Year End Close Dow Jones Industrial Average 800
Average Cost of new house $15,550.00
Average Income per year $8,550.00
Average Monthly Rent $135.00
Average Cost New Car $3,270.00
Toyota Corona $1,950.00
Gas per Gallon 35 cents
Alarm Clock from Westclox $9.98
What Events Happened in 1969
- Richard Nixon becomes President of the United States
- 250,000 march on Washington in protest at the Vietnam War
- The first man landed on the moon on the Apollo 11 mission by the United States and Neil Armstrong and Edwin 'Buzz' Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the Moon. The famous words "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." will become part of our history
- RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 entered service
- Golda Meir of Milwaukee, Wisconsin , USA, becomes Prime Minister of Israel
- Robin Knox-Johnston becomes the first person to sail around the world solo without stopping
- The very first U.S. troop withdrawals are made from Vietnam
- Chappaquiddick Affair Senator Edward Kennedy driving a car plunges into a pond and a body of a woman passenger is found in the car
- Members of a cult led by Charles Manson murder five people
- Hurricane Camille hits the Mississippi coast killing 248 people
- Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc
- Charles de Gaulle Resigns as French President
- A bomb is exploded in a bank in Milan, Italy
- Rising Inflation is a worldwide problem
- The Death Penalty is Abolished in the UK
- Woodstock attracts more than 300,000 rock-n-roll fans
- Police forces in the United States crack down on student protests
- The U.S. Air Force closed its Project (Blue Book) concluding there was no evidence of UFO's
- A free concert organized by the Rolling Stones is held at Altamont Speedway in Livermore, Calif with problems caused by the use of Hells Angels as Bouncers resulting in a number of deaths.
- The groundbreaking TV program Monty Python's Flying Circus is shown for the first time and the catch phrase "And now for something completely different," becomes its trademark.
- Sesame Street, known for its Muppet characters, makes it's debut on PBS.
- The Beatles' last public performance is on the roof of Apple Records.
- The Beatles release their final album "Abbey Road".
- The Love Bug
- Funny Girl
- Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
- True Grit
- Midnight Cowboy
- Chitty Chitty Bang Bang
- Easy Rider
- Where Eagles Dare
- The Rolling Stones " Honky Tonk Woman"
- James Brown
- The Beatles with " Get Back and Come Together "
- Johnny Cash " Daddy Sang Bass "
- Bob Dylan
- Crosby, Stills and Nash
- Creedence Clearwater Revival
- John Denver
- Simon and Garfunkel
- Fleetwood Mac
- Marvin Gaye
- The Jimi Hendrix Experience
- Pink Floyd
- " In The Year 2525 " by Zager and Evans
- " Sugar Sugar " by The Archies
- Elton John
- David Bowie
- First Concorde test flight is conducted in France
- First transplant of human eye
- Seiko sells the first Quartz Watch
- The Harrier Jump Jet enters service with the RAF
- The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is founded
- The first automatic teller machine (ATM or Cash Machine) is installed in the United States
- Creation of ARPANET, the predecessor of the Internet
- The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its debut. It carried 191 people, most of them reporters and photographers, from Seattle to New York City.
- UNIX is invented
- The Pontiac Firebird Trans Am, the epitome of the American muscle car, is introduced.
- The Microprocessor (a miniature set of integrated circuits) is invented, opening the way for the computer revolution that followed
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Stagbush (AN-69) was laid down on 9 February 1943 by Canulette Shipbuilding Company, Inc., Slidell, Louisiana launched on 29 January 1944 and commissioned on 30 August 1944, Lt. Comdr. Carl C. Dilcer, USNR, in command.
Stagbush sailed for Melville, Rhode Island, on 8 September only to be caught in a storm on the 14th off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, which required that she be drydocked after her shakedown. She was in the Snow Shipyards, Rockland, Maine, from 12 October to 6 December 1944.
When she was ready for sea again, Stagbush sailed for Hawaii via the Panama Canal San Diego, California and Tiburon, Mexico, where she took on a load of nets. She arrived at Pearl Harbor on 12 February 1945 and sailed the next day via Eniwetok Ulithi and Leyte, Philippine Islands, for the Ryukyu Islands.
Stagbush arrived at Kerama Retto on 26 March and began laying nets to protect the anchorage. She remained there until mid-July when, after removing the nets, she moved to Buckner Bay, Okinawa. The ship sailed for Wakayama, Japan, on 8 September, to assist in clearing mines. A few days later, she laid swept channel buoys in Kii Suido after minesweepers had cleared the entrance. She then returned to Okinawa for acoustic minesweeping gear to be transported to Japan. Andy (Bones) Gravino proudly served.
The Impact of Flexible Work on Professionals Over 50
– Why Seasoned Professionals Work
Our survey asked professionals over 50 to tell us about their careers and what motivates them to work.
When asked, “How would you describe why you work?” a whopping 64% of workers over 50 said, “I both need and want to work” 22% said, “I need to work” and 17% said, “I want to work.”
We then asked them to identify the reasons that apply for why they want and/or need to work, and nearly half—47%—responded that travel is a primary motivating factor for continuing to work after age 50.
Notably, a combined total of nearly 70% said they have worked remotely at some point in their work history full-time (28%), part-time (21%), or occasionally (20%).
The top reasons professionals over 50 work include:
- Paying for basic necessities, including housing and food (70%)
- Enjoy working (59%)
- To save for retirement (59%)
- Desire to travel (47%)
- To pay off debt (46%)
- Pay for “luxury” items for yourself or your loved ones (meaning not basic necessities) (36%)
- Want to have a professional impact in the world (30%)
- Passionate about success in my career (26%)
- To contribute to charity (24%)
Reasons why professionals over 50 want flexible work options include:
- Work-life balance (72%)
- Commute stress (45%)
- Time savings (44%)
- Avoid office politics and distractions (40%)
- Cost savings (37%)
- Family (35%)
- Travel (25%)
- Exercise (22%)
- Gas prices (20%)
- Health or disability (17%)
- Bad local job market (17%)
- Environmental benefits (15%)
- Caregiving responsibilities (15%)
- Time for school (6%)
- Homeschooling children (1%)
- Other (9%)
– The Benefits of Flexible Jobs for Older Workers
Perhaps reflecting their seniority in the workforce, 83% of professionals over 50 said they’re not concerned that working flexibly will hurt their career prospects in the future. Most identify as baby boomers (74%), although 19% say they associate with members of generation X. Nearly 5% of over-50 workers in our survey are members of the so-called silent generation, people over 70 born before the early to mid-1940s.
Some 76% of over-50 respondents to our survey said they were “empty nesters” whose kids are over age 18 and no longer live at home. Overwhelmingly, 92% told us they think it’s possible to be both a great employee and a great parent. What’s more, they said, working remotely can lead to higher productivity—a view many older workers share with people across all age groups.
Why professionals over 50 view working remotely as more productive:
- Fewer distractions (82%)
- Fewer interruptions from colleagues (78%)
- Minimal office politics (71%)
- Reduced stress from commuting (69%)
- Quieter noise level (64%)
- More comfortable clothes (50%)
– Work to Travel—A Top Benefit for Older Professionals
Remote work was the most popular form of flexibility sought by professionals over 50 who participated in our survey. Many reported being at a stage in their careers where flexibility has become more meaningful and sought-after 57% consider themselves experienced workers, with a combined 38% at the manager or senior manager level.
To come up with the list of flexible companies below, we cross-referenced a ranking by Glassdoor of great companies for people over 50 with the FlexJobs database. We also included employers from a recent FlexJobs list of companies hiring for jobs you can do from anywhere.
– Check out these 18 companies offering great flexible jobs for older workers—including work-from-anywhere positions:
– A sampling of jobs for older workers:
The following list, showing just a few of the great work-from-anywhere job titles for seasoned professionals, is culled from the thousands of flexible jobs in the FlexJobs database:
As you age, you may find your resting heart rate will decrease 1. To find your resting rate, be still for approximately 10 minutes before starting. Most people find it easiest to take their pulse at the wrist 2. Place your index and middle fingers over the underside of the opposite wrist, below the base of the thumb, and firmly press until you feel the pulse 2. You can also measure your pulse on your neck by putting your index and middle fingers to the side of your Adam's apple in the hollow, soft area 2. Once you find your pulse, count the beats for one minute 2.
How to Hear Your Own Heartbeat Without a Stethoscope
Regardless of your age, it is important to know your target heart rate 1. This helps you not only measure your initial fitness level, but then allow you to monitor your progress in an exercise program. When exercising, a 60-year-old should aim for a heart rate of 80 to 136 beats per minute (bpm) 1. At 65, the ideal heart rate should be between 78 and 132 bpm, and at 70 years of age, from 75 to 128 bpm 1. To find your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220 1.
A history of radiation shielding of x-ray therapy rooms
In this report the history of shielding for radiation treatment rooms is traced from the time of the discovery of x-rays to the present. During the early part of the twentieth century the hazards from ionizing radiation were recognized and the use of lead and other materials became commonplace for shielding against x-rays. Techniques for the calculation of the shield thickness needed for x-ray protection were developed in the 1920's and shielding materials were characterized in terms of the half value layer or simple exponential factors. At the same time, better knowledge of the interaction between radiation and matter was acquired. With the development of high energy medical accelerators after 1940, new and more complex shielding problems had to be addressed. Recently, shielding requirements have become more stringent as standards for exposure of personnel and the general public have been reduced. The art of shielding of radiation treatment facilities is still being developed and the need for a revision of the reports on shielding of medical accelerators from the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements is emphasized in this article.
Potential Without Direction
While the Boss 429 is immensely popular among collectors today, this was far from the case in 1969. Many Mustang purists had hoped for the 429 to be a car that reigned supreme over all other muscle cars of the day. However, Ford never intended this of the Boss 429 rather envisioning the car as a testbed for their newly designed NASCAR engine. However, this was a point that never fully resonated with the Mustang’s fanbase, as only 857 Boss 429s were sold in 1969.
Diecast history: Tula Cartridge Plant GAZ-66 & GAZ-69
It’s always brilliant when interests mesh. Fellow Lamley writer @doomusrlc found this last month when his love of video games, diecast and baseball caps gelled neatly with a Hot Wheels Mario Kart. In this case my love for militaria, Cold War history and diecast has collided perfectly in the form of two Cold War Soviet diecast from an ammunition factory in Tula….
The history of The Tula Cartridge Plant goes back to 1880 when Tsar Alexander II ordered the construction of an ammunition factory in the city. Two years later the factory had hit a production capacity of over 30 million rounds, and output remained high: over 25% of all ammunition used by the Russian Army during World War I was supplied by the Tula plant. During World War 2 the factory produced ammunition for the ShKAS machine gun, Tokarev pistol and Nagant revolver. After the war, and like many other Soviet factories, the plant also had a secondary function making civilian items: vacuum cleaners, grain grinders and furniture fittings amongst others, as well as pin badges and medals.
The factory began producing the “Military Vehicles” series of toys in 1966/67. They were unlicensed but based on contemporary Soviet military vehicles and weaponry. The factory utilised what materials were to hand: the green finish was a protective paint used on the ammunition. Surprisingly, it’s said the Tula workers took British Dinky Toys as an inspiration, which could explain the somewhat erroneous inclusion of a replica British 25-Pounder Gun in the line.
The rest of the series ranged from toy soldiers to a replica of a MAZ-537 tank transporter complete with T-34. Sold individually and in sets, production continued until 1992, with some remoulded plastic models being made until 1994.
The models seen here are the “Passenger Car” based on the GAZ-69, and the “Airborne Vehicle”, a stylised GAZ-66. And they’re solid, heavy and simple toys, with a very decent finish. They’d have certainly survived being battered off skirting boards in a Moscow Khrushchyovka!
They may not look 100% identical to the real vehicles, but they’re close enough for anyone who knows their Russian vehicles to know what they are supposed to be. The construction is solid, and many of these toys seem to survive without much metal fatigue. They’re very well finished, and can easily compare to contemporary Western toys.
And for me they’re a perfect representation of my passions and hobbies in life, and they’ve got such a cool back story, they’re effectively rolling bits of history.
So, Lamley readers (and writers!) what diecasts would you say best represent your hobbies? Hit me up, it’d be great to see what you come up with!
(Tula models can be hard to search for on Ebay due to sellers being unable to identify their maker, but try using this link as a few items were listed at the time of posting)