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Alexander the Great conquers Phoenicia and turns toward Egypt.
Jan 331 BCE
Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
305 BCE - 285 BCE
Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, who initiated the Great Library.
Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
c. 300 BCE - c. 280 BCE
The Lighthouse of Alexandria is built, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
285 BCE - 246 BCE
Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, development of Library at Alexandria.
276 BCE - 195 BCE
Life of Eratosthenes, ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene and one of the greatest geographers in antiquity.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
Pompey killed at Alexandria, Caesar declares martial law in the city.
48 BCE - 44 BCE
Julius Caesar of Rome and Cleopatra VII of Egypt in unofficial alliance.
Assassination of Julius Caesar at Rome.
41 BCE - 31 BCE
Mark Antony celebrates an unofficial triumph in Alexandria following his victories in Armenia.
30 BCE - 14 CE
Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
The mathematician and astronomer Menelaus of Alexandria lived.
Destruction of Alexandria in the Kitos War.
Restoration of Alexandria by Emperor Hadrian of Rome.
Septuagint (Greek translation of the Bible) composed at Alexandria.
Constantine the Great issues Edict of Milan, decrees religious tolerance.
Religious strife increases between Christians and other faiths in Alexandria.
Christian Patriarch Theophilus destroys pagan temples in Alexandria. .
Hypatia of Alexandria murdered by Christian mob. Scholars and scientists leave the city. .
Alexandria is conquered by the Sassanid Persians.
Arab Muslims under Caliph Umar take Alexandria from the Byzantine Christians.
641 CE - 646 CE
The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.
The Arab Muslims defeat the Byzantine Christians. Alexandria falls under Islamic rule. .