The Lady of Arlanpe, the first Venus of the Iberian Peninsula

The Lady of Arlanpe, the first Venus of the Iberian Peninsula

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Various excavations carried out between 2006 and 2011 in the Arlanpe cave (Vizcaya) have borne fruit and have made it possible to locate what until now is considered to be the only example found of Palaeolithic art with engraved female representations in the Iberian Peninsula.

The finding was published in the Oxford Journal of Archeology thanks to different researchers, among which is Joseba Ríos Garaizar, an archaeologist belonging to the National Research Center on Human Evolution of Burgos, who explained some details of the find.

The discovery was made in 2011, has a weight of about 70 kilos and features engravings of schematic female figures, where one of them was called the Lady of Arlanpe due to the name of the cave. In it you can see the torso, legs, arms and head, the other figures are just a sketch.

This finding dates back to Magdalenian occupations, some 17,500 years ago in time and until now no image of this kind had been found in the Iberian Peninsula, so is a completely unique example, since it is something that fully conforms to the traditional female representations of the Magdalenian period of Central Europe and this area of ​​the continent.

As Garaizar stated, the finding is truly relevant given that allows to link the Cantabrian region with places like Aquitaine and the Pyrenees. Likewise, and previously, different links with other kinds of artistic manifestations had been documented, such as the traditional bison that everyone knows from many of the cave caves scattered around Spain, especially in the north.

The representations found in Arlampe They are among some of the oldest of their kind, which gives more weight to the hypothesis that this class of symbols originated in the Franco-Cantabrian region and that it accompanied the different populations that spread through the North of Europe. towards the end of the last ice age.

Likewise, with this discovery it is possible to further expand the area of ​​distribution of these figures to the north of the Iberian Peninsula, something that would confirm the cultural unity maintained in the Franco-Cantabrian region during the Magdalenian period.

Undoubtedly, it is a great finding that will have to be investigated further as they have assured, and will reveal much more information than what is available so far.

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