The influence of the Spanish colonizers on Mayan architecture

The influence of the Spanish colonizers on Mayan architecture

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One of the great characteristics that the Spanish colonizers brought to the American continent was religion, which came to have a very important role in many corners of the continent as it happened in the Yucatan Peninsula, place where the Mayan civilization lived (the last Mayans, belonging to various ethnic groups and who dispersed throughout the Peninsula after the fall of the great Mayan cities of the Classic period) and with whom the Spanish had contact.

During the presence of the Spanish colonizers, a large number of buildings were built, especially those related to the church, because it represented one of the greatest forces existing at that time, with which it was intended control the Mayan civilization after being evangelized.

According to the thesis in which this information appears, carried out by Teobaldo Ramírez Barbosa, the Spanish strategy consisted in the conversion to Christianity of the maximum number of indigenous people possible to facilitate control, forming part of the colonization of Mexico.

The study has done in-depth research on the first colonial churches and also of the Mayan dwellings, both from Belize and the Yucatan Peninsula. Among the different results of this study it has been revealed that the peoples that were colonized had a clear influence on the architecture of the colonizers.

As Barbosa reveals, the Mayans were using the same building materials for a long time, but with the arrival of the Spanish colonizers, began to change the way they made their homes and warehouses and they began to use more straw, mud and stucco, as well as square and circular shapes in the buildings.

In addition to the analysis of both the religious architecture like Mayan dwellings, other archaeological studies were also carried out within the area of ​​the bay known as del Espíritu Santo in Mexico and the purpose was none other than identify the location of the Kachambay colonial site and also the church of Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción, as well as other indigenous sites that appeared over time.

In this place they found two small sites, exactly in the northern area of ​​the bay, where the existence of human activity had not been documented at any time in history and according to Barbosa, these findings open a range of opportunities to carry out new prospecting and excavations in the area to learn how Little by little the Mayans were adapting to the new situation brought with the colonizers.

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