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A study on the bones of Homo floresiensis, a small human species discovered on the island of Flores in Indonesia in 2003, and nicknamed "Hobbits«, Has determined that most likely evolved from an ancestor in Africa and not Homo erectus as has been believed so far.
The study, conducted by the Australian National University, found that Homo floresiensis is most likely a sister species to Homo habilis, one of the oldest known human species and dated in Africa 1.75 million years ago.
Dr. Debbie Argue, the University's study leader, said the results should help clarify a debate that arose from the very moment of the discovery of the Indonesian 'Hobbit'.
«Analysis shows that in the family tree, Homo floresiensis was probably a sister species to Homo habilis, meaning that they share a common ancestor.«, Expressed Argue.
He added that «it is possible that this species evolved in Africa and migrated, or that the common ancestor moved from Africa and became Homo floresiensis elsewhere«.
This studio used 133 data points extracted from the skull, jaws, teeth, arms, legs and shoulders, finding that none of them supports the theory of evolution from Homo erectus. «We have tried to link them in your family tree but the tests indicate that it does not match Homo erectus«.
Argue added that «many features such as the structure of the jaw, indicate that Homo floresiensis was more primitive than Homo erectus, which would also support the theory that it may have forked earlier in the timeline, more than 1.75 million years ago«.
«If this were the case, Homo floresiensis would have evolved before the first Homo habilis, making this species very archaic.«, Sentenced.
Until now, it is known that Homo floresiensis lived on the island of Flores until as recently as 54,000 years ago.
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