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Jacqueline Bouvier, the daughter of a New York City financier, was born in Southampton, New York, was born in 1929. She worked as a photographer with the Washington Times before marrying John F. Kennedy in 1953. Over the next few years four children were born but only two, Caroline and John, survived infancy.
In 1960 Kennedy, the Democratic Party candidate, was elected president when he defeated Richard Nixon, the Republican Party candidate, by 34,226,925 votes to 34,108,662.
On 22nd November, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Within two hours of the killing, a suspect, Lee Harvey Oswald, was arrested. Throughout the the time Oswald was in custody, he stuck to his story that he had not been involved in the assassination. On 24th November, while being transported by the Dallas police from the city to the county jail, Oswald was shot dead by Jack Ruby.
In 1968 Jackie Kennedy married the Greek shipping magnate, Aristotle Onassis. Later she worked as an editor for the publishers, Viking (1975-1977) and Doubleday (1978-82).
Jacqueline Onassis (Kennedy) died in 1994.
Life of Jacqueline B. Kennedy
Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born on July 28, 1929, in Southampton, New York. Her father, John, was a wealthy stockbroker on Wall Street whose family had come from France in the early 1800s. Her mother, Janet, had ancestors from Ireland and England.
Janet Bouvier was an accomplished rider, and Jackie was only a year old when her mother first put her on a horse. By age 11, she had already won several national championships. The New York Times wrote in 1940:
Jacqueline Bouvier, an eleven-year-old equestrienne from East Hampton, Long Island, scored a double victory in the horsemanship competition. Miss Bouvier achieved a rare distinction. The occasions are few when a young rider wins both contests in the same show.
Jackie also enjoyed reading. Before she started school, she had read all the children’s books on her bookshelves. Her heroes were Mowgli from Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book, Robin Hood, Little Lord Fauntleroy’s grandfather, Scarlett O'Hara from Gone With the Wind, and the poet Byron. Mrs. Bouvier wondered if Jackie might one day be a writer.
Jackie O's iconic looks remain a pivotal inspiration for fashion trends to this day.
When it came to fashion, Jackie O was in a league of her own. Newsweek reports that, in her first year as First Lady, she reportedly spent $45,466 more on her wardrobe than the $100,000 her husband John F. Kennedy earned as commander-in-chief.
Robust budget aside, Jackie O popularized many statement pieces unique to women in the 1960s and 1970s. Her Halston-designed pillbox hats, which she owned in several different colors, became a signature look throughout her tenure as First Lady. She famously wore a watermelon tinted suit and matching pillbox hat on the day her husband was assassinated.
Few could rock a cape with such sophistication and humility quite like Mrs. Kennedy. In recent years, the garment has slowly made a return to the runway and seen on the racks at your favorite stores. The dramatic accessory was a huge part of her signature style, and naturally remains synonymous with her time as First Lady.
The Secret Jewish History of Jackie Kennedy
Now that Jackie Kennedy is being portrayed onscreen by the most famous Israeli-born actress in the world, it’s worth looking closely at the former first lady’s life to pick up the Jewish strands she left behind.
1) Although Jacqueline Bouvier boasted Anglo-Irish and French ancestry, that didn’t stop some from falsely claiming Jewish heritage for her — most notably her cousin and step-sibling Gore Vidal, who often repeated the widely debunked story that her mother, Janet Lee, was really Janet Levy. In Vidal’s telling, Jackie’s grandfather changed the family name from Levy to Lee in order to become a vice-president of the J.P. Morgan bank. Jackie didn’t help things by making up her own story about her grandfather, claiming he was a Maryland-born veteran of the Civil War, when in fact he was born in New Jersey in 1852. In any case, the Lee-Levy myth has no basis in truth, but persists as evidence of a Jewish worldwide conspiracy on extreme right-wing websites. Jackie did, however, eventually have a Jewish granddaughter: Rose Kennedy Schlossberg, the daughter of Caroline Kennedy and Jewish artist Edwin Schlossberg. So while Jackie wasn’t Jewish at all, she was nevertheless a “bubbe.”
2) Rose Kennedy Schlossberg did, in her own manner, channel her family’s challenging history: Schlossberg – who is said to bear a remarkable resemblance to her maternal grandmother - launched a web-based comedy series earlier this year called “End Times Girls Club,” a six-part satirical take on apocalyptic survival from a woman’s point of view.
3) For much of her existence in the public eye, Jackie Kennedy was known as a fashion icon, and the designer outfits she wore were the object of obsessive, almost Talmudic study and commentary. Perhaps the most famous clothing item she ever wore was the pink Chanel dress she donned on November 22, 1963. Against the wishes of everyone around her, Jackie insisted on wearing the blood-soaked suit after President Kennedy was shot, during the swearing-in of Lyndon B. Johnson and for the flight back to Washington, D.C., with her husband’s body. The House of Chanel was cofounded by French-Jewish businessman Pierre Wertheimer and is now owned by his grandsons Alain and Gérard Wertheimer. The company was cofounded by its namesake, Coco Chanel, who was a notorious anti-Semite and Nazi collaborator.
4) The soundtrack to the Kennedy White House was literally written by the Jewish songwriting duo of Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe. Just a week after JFK’s assassination, Jackie Kennedy told an interview that the late president would relax in the East Wing by playing the title track to the Lerner and Loewe Broadway musical, “Camelot.” It was in this interview that Jackie gave birth to the metaphor of the Kennedy presidency as “the Camelot Era.”
5) In “The Persistence of the Jewish American Princess,” a New York Magazine article published on March 22, 1971, and one seemingly devoid of irony, author Julie Baumgold wrote, “Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is a Jewish princess. She expects to be treated as a noble, she buys in multiples (almost hysterically in multiples). She has safe taste, chooses an item like shorts when it is peaking. She is smoky looking, with the illusion of darkness all around.”
6) Jackie Kennedy lived out her years with Maurice Tempelsman, a Jewish refugee from Nazi Germany, whom she knew as early as the late-1950s, before she had even met John F. Kennedy. A Belgian-born, Yiddish-speaking diamond merchant and financier, Tempelsman’s liberal Democrat associations included Adlai Stevenson, who, after his second presidential bid, traveled with Tempelsman to meet African leaders in 1957, and one-time Kennedy speechwriter Theodore Sorenson, who later became Tempelsman’s lawyer. The two began their lengthy relationship – the longest and most enduring of Jackie’s life – in 1980, living together and inseparable (although never legally married) until Kennedy died in 1994.
And if you’re still wondering about the actress and the movie from the first line of this article, it’s Natalie Portman, who stars as the title character of the new film, “Jackie.”
Jackie said that JFK did not &aposhave the satisfaction of being killed for civil rights&apos
Right-wing opponents abhorred the fact that Kennedy was Catholic, disliked his proposal for Medicare and hated his support for integration. Approximately 5,000 copies of a flyer that stated Kennedy was "WANTED FOR TREASON" were distributed around Dallas before his visit. Given this, much of the nation initially assumed that a far-right component must have been responsible for his assassination.
Jackie likely shared this belief, as she&aposd seen for herself how disliked her husband was by some. On the day of his assassination, an anti-JFK ad in the Dallas Morning News asked why he was being "soft on Communism?" After taking in the ad, Kennedy had said to Jackie, "We’re really in &aposnut country&apos now."
These political enemies may have been the intended recipients for Jackie&aposs message of "I want them to see what they&aposve done." When she later learned that Lee Harvey Oswald had been arrested for her husband&aposs assassination, she reportedly said, "He didn&apost even have the satisfaction of being killed for civil rights. It&aposs — it had to be some silly little Communist."
John F. Kennedy and wife Jackie greeting the crowd at Love Field upon arrival for campaign tour on the day of his assassination on November 22, 1963
1974 – Kennedy Takes the Plunge and Purchases in Bernardsville
1974 – Jackie Kennedy Onassis buys home named the Burden Estate once owned by Betsy Chance Burden, the sister-in-law to James Cox Brady (nicknamed Diamond Jim Brady) for $200,000. The 10 acre property off Stevens Lane was purchased from Mr. & Mrs. Grenville Emmett. The two story yellow structure was located on the Bernardsville Peapack border.
The Bernardsville Stevens Lane home purchased by Jackie Kennedy Onassis in 1974After renting their house for years, Jackie Kennedy Onassis purchased the Stevens Lane yellow two story estate from Mr. & Mrs. Grenville Emmett. After some deep digging, the images above were NOT from the Kennedy’s home in Peapack as some sites indicated. These are interior shots from the Bernardsville home they purchased in an area called the “Pleasant Valley.”
This is the same house that she had rented with here for years and used it as a weekend home. Neighbors often saw her in riding pants or sweatsuits, horseback-riding on her property.
The blue house off Stevens Lane marks the spot of the Kennedy home back in the 1960s.
Aerial view of Stevens Lane.
The house overlooked the valley and was not served by a public road. Secret Service agents took up duty in a small, private cottage on the 10‐acre estate, as the children’s ponies grazed in the surrounding pastures.
The Crown: What Really Happened Between Queen Elizabeth and Jackie Kennedy
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When JFK and Jackie Kennedy visited London in 1961, according to The White House Historical Association, the Queen and Prince Philip threw “a splendid dinner in their honor.” Splendid? If you’ve watched Season 2, Episode 8 of The Crown, that may seem like an odd way to describe it (if you haven’t, stay far away from this article—there are spoilers ahead.)
In that episode, the whole thing seemed like a hot mess. First, the president and First Lady address Prince Philip and the Queen incorrectly, and therefore, impolitely. Then Jackie goes off and trash-talks Elizabeth, calling her “a middle-aged woman so incurious, unintelligent, and unremarkable that Britain’s new reduced place in the world was not a surprise but an inevitability,” and Buckingham Palace “second-rate, dilapidated, and sad.” That gets back to the British monarch, and Jackie, tail between her legs, apologizes months later, confiding in the Queen about her husband’s infidelity and their (alleged) drug habits.
Is that all true? The Crown is based on real-life people and real-life events. However, as with all great historical fictions, it does often take creative liberties—for example, Winston Churchill’s secretary didn’t die in the Great Smog. So what actually happened, what may have happened, and what came from the writer’s room when Elizabeth met Jackie?
Those meetings were all real occurrences. Queen Elizabeth, Prince Philip, John F. Kennedy, and Jackie Kennedy did all dine together at Buckingham Palace in June 1961. And Jackie did visit Queen Elizabeth several months later in March 1962.
As to whether or not Jackie made those incendiary comments, well, that’s murkier. Rumor has it that some shade may have been thrown. According to the The Telegraph, Gore Vidal remembers Jackie Kennedy saying Elizabeth was “pretty heavy going” and that she felt “resented” by her. Cecil Beaton allegedly wrote in his diary that Jackie said she was unimpressed by the monarch and the palace.
But Robert Lacey, historical consultant for The Crown and author of The Crown: The Official Companion, tells Vogue that the comments are “imagined,” yet not unlikely.
“I think that the personal tension between Elizabeth and Jackie is speculative. I’m not saying it didn’t exist—you can’t say it’s false, you can’t say it’s true,” he says. “I think it’s perfectly plausible that the Queen felt upstaged by Jackie,” he says.
However, if she did feel upstaged, and if it inspired her to step up her game a bit, that’s something only she would know.
Says Lacey: “The Queen then goes off to Africa and wows everybody and wows President Nkrumah in particular. Well, that did happen and she was a star but at the time, nobody talked [about it] in terms of competing with Jackie Kennedy.”
No matter what was or wasn't said or done, there’s one thing we don’t have the heart to debunk about the meeting of the two powerful women: Jackie and Queen Elizabeth’s snuggle session with corgi puppies.
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A Living Restoration
Mrs. Kennedy developed her vision for the White House restoration project over the next few months. In April 1961, advisory committee members Lyman Butterfield, editor of the John Adams papers and Julian Boyd, editor of the Thomas Jefferson papers, drafted a treatise entitled "The White House as a Symbol." The authors put forth three controlling principles for the restoration of the White House that ultimately influenced Mrs. Kennedy's plan. The first principle focused on the evolving nature of the White House and the importance of not limiting the style to one time period. The second principle dealt with the "living" character of the White House and the need to reflect the different administrations that had passed through. The third principle focused on the library as an integral part of the White House's symbolic and functional role. Inspired by these suggestions, Mrs. Kennedy decided to focus on the evolving character of the White House, rather than its earliest period, for restoration.
As the project progressed, Mrs. Kennedy and Mr. du Pont saw the need for a permanent curator in the White House to deal with the growing collection. Lorraine Waxman Pearce became the first curator of the White House in late March 1961. By September, Congress sanctioned the restoration of the White House with Public Law 87-286, which officially declared the White House a museum. This act allowed the Fine Arts Committee and the curator's office to assure potential donors that their gifts would not be auctioned off or kept in the private collection of any president. It further protected the rooms of the White House from being radically altered in the future and clearly defined the project as historic preservation, rather than mere redecoration.
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With Maurice Tempelsman &mdash a still-married, slightly overweight diamond merchant &mdash Jackie seemed to have found that rarest of gems: a genuine soulmate to carry her through the final years of her life. With him she shared her family, her home, her conversation and her laughter. &ldquoWith Maurice,&rdquo attorney Samuel Pisar, an old acquaintance of the couple, told PEOPLE, &ldquoeverything slowed down. She was at peace with him." The two met in the 1950s, when Maurice arranged a meeting between JFK and representatives of the South African diamond business.
When Jackie &mdash emotionally battered by the difficult final years of her marriage to Aristotle Onassis, who died in 1975 &mdash set out to create an independent life for herself in New York City, Maurice offered essential support where it mattered most: he helped ensure her financial security, delighted in her work as a book editor and gingerly took on the role of surrogate parent&mdashand grandparent.
They were together for 12 years before her death in 1994 at her funeral, Maurice, who'd shuttled her to and from doctor's appointments and remained at her side through her bout with cancer, gave a eulogy.