Andrew Beattie

Andrew Beattie



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Andrew Beattie was born in Aberdeen on 11th August 1913. He played full-back for local side, Inverurie Loco, before joining Preston North End for a fee of £150 in 1935.

Beattie did not gain a regular place in Preston's first-team until the 1936-37 season. The following season Preston purchased the high scoring George Mutch, from Manchester United for £5,000. The following month, Robert Beattie a skillful inside forward, arrived from Kilmarnock for a fee of £2,500. They joined fellow Scotsmen, Beattie, Jimmy Dougal, Jimmy Maxwell, Tom Smith, Hugh O'Donnell, Francis O'Donnell, and Bill Shankly in the side.

Beattie had a good season and on 17th April, 1937 he won his first international cap when he played for Scotland against England at Hampden Park. Scotland won 3-1 and he regained his place against Austria on 9th May 1937.

Preston had a successful run in the 1937-38 FA Cup. Preston beat West Ham United in the 3rd round with George Mutch scored a hat trick. Mutch also scored goals in the 4th round against Leicester City and in the semi-final when Preston beat Aston Villa 2-1.

In the FA Cup Final Preston played Huddersfield Town. This was the first time that a whole match was shown live on television. Even so, far more people watched the game in the stadium as only around 10,000 people at the time owned television sets. No goals were scored during the first 90 minutes and so extra-time was played. In the last minute of extra-time, Bill Shankly put George Mutch through on goal. Alf Young, Huddersfield's centre-half, brought him down from behind and the referee had no hesitation in pointing to the penalty spot. Mutch was injured in the tackle but after receiving treatment he got up and scored via the crossbar. It was the only goal in the game and Beattie won a cup winners' medal.

On 9th April, 1938 Beattie played for Scotland against England at Wembley. Also in the Scottish team were Preston colleagues, Bill Shankly, George Mutch, Tom Smith and Francis O'Donnell. Scotland won 1-0 with Mutch scoring the only goal of the game. He also won international caps against Czechoslovakia (May, 1937), Wales (November, 1938) and Hungary (December, 1938). The outbreak of the Second World War brought an end to his international career. However, he did play in five unofficial internationals during the war.

Beattie was a member of the Preston North End team that won the North Regional League title in 1941. It has been argued by Jack Rollin (Soccer at War: 1939-45) that: "The first club to benefit from a youth policy to any marked degree was Preston North End, who owed success in 1940-41 to their exceptional pre-war structure. By 1938 the club was already running two teams in local junior circles when the chairman James Taylor decided upon a scheme to fill the gap between school leavers and junior clubs by forming a Juvenile Division of the Preston and District League open to 14-16-year-olds."

Rollin points out that by 1940 over 100 youngsters were being trained in groups of eight of the club's senior players voluntarily assisting in evening coaching. One of the first youngsters to emerge from this coaching system was the great Tom Finney. Others youngsters to emerge during this period included Andrew McLaren and William Scott.

The Blitz was still taking place when the 1941 Football League Cup competition took place. Preston North End beat Bury, Bolton, Tranmere, Manchester City and Newcastle to reach the final. The Preston team that faced Arsenal at Wembley on 31st May was: Jack Fairbrother, Frank Gallimore, William Scott, Bill Shankly, Tom Smith, Andrew Beattie, Tom Finney, Andrew McLaren, Jimmy Dougal, Robert Beattie and Hugh O'Donnell.

Preston played Arsenal in front of a 60,000 crowd. Arsenal was awarded a penalty after only three minutes but Leslie Compton hit the foot of the post with the spot kick. Soon afterwards Andrew McLaren scored from a pass from Tom Finney. Preston dominated the rest of the match but Dennis Compton managed to get the equaliser just before the end of full-time.

The replay took place at Ewood Park, the ground of Blackburn Rovers. The first goal was as a result of a move that included Tom Finney and Jimmy Dougal before Robert Beattie put the ball in the net. Frank Gallimore put through his own goal but from the next attack, Beattie scored again. It was the final goal of the game and Preston ended up the winners of the cup.

Beattie regained his place in the Preston North End after the war. However, after a few games of the new season he left the club to become manager of Barrow. This was followed by jobs with Stockport County and Huddersfield Town, where Andrew Beattie was his assistant manager. He had limited success and for a while he was a sub-postmaster in Penwortham.

He was persuaded to leave this secure job to manage Carlisle United. This was followed by managerial jobs at Nottingham Forest, Plymouth Argyle and Wolverhampton Wanderers.

In February, 1954, Beattie was appointed manager of Scotland. However, he resigned after six matches because of a series of bad results in the World Cup. He also held the job from March 1959 to October 1960. Once again he resigned after his failure to achieve success.

Andrew Beattie died on 20 September 1983.


Andrew Beattie, A Cultural History of the Alps (review)

I bought this book because it came up in a Google Books search. That’s a first for me and, I think it was a mistake. Not that it’s a bad book, but it’s not the book I wanted. The search showed great promise — it returned a result showing that there was a chapter entitled “There be Dragons” and I expected more information on ancient and medieval perceptions of the high mountains.

I was attracted to sixteenth-century history because it was an era when records for studying normal people were relatively good, and yet it was far enough away that thought patterns are often surprising and illuminating. I first got really hooked by reading travelogues that spoke of people with blue skin or even faces in their chests and no heads. The further one got from Europe, the stranger people got in medieval travelogues like Mandeville’s Travels and in accounts from the Age of Exploration. Further reading led me to understand that all peripheral spaces gave free reign to the imagination, and that for most of European history, the mountains were among those peripheral spaces — places that stood outside the normal order and where anything was possible.

A Cultural History of the Alps is a far more general book, divided into three parts. The first part is essentially a political history of the Alps from antiquity to the present, from pre-history to Hannibal’s crossing, to the battles of World War I. The last part is mostly about tourism and travel in the Alps. The middle part is what I was after — a history of the perception of mountains. This section, however, breezes over the early history to arrive as quickly as possible at Rousseau, Wordsworth, Byron and Shelley. We know, of course, that Roussea and the Romantics in general were instrumental in effecting the birth of modern attitudes toward mountains and mountain people. Before the eighteenth century, the mountains were to be avoided. They were places of poverty, hardship, ignorance and, yes, dragons (and giants, wild men, werewolves and more). Mountain people were ignorant and heathen, knowing neither manners nor religion (as we have seen). The Enlightenment valorised rational, orderly gardens, not craggy peaks and wild spaces.

The Romantics, though, under the inspiration of Rousseau, saw the wild spaces of the mountains as sublime and a countervailing force to the corrupting influences of civilization. The people of the mountains became the local counterpart to the noble savage. Rousseau devotees like Shelley toured Europe with La Nouvelle Heloïse in their packs, revisiting the sacred, wild spaces mentioned by Rousseau. Beattie also spends a great deal of time on the Nazis and their perception of the mountains. Of course, for those of us who are mountaineers, we are well aware of the stories of the first ascent of the North Face of the Matterhorn by the Schmid brothers and the North Face of the Eiger by Heckmair, Harrer, Vörg and Kasperek. For historians, the story of the new thinking on mountains that came with Rousseau and Romanticism is also well-known. I had not realized the role that Wordsworth played in bringing attention to the Alps in Britain, but overall, I was disappointed to see this book dominated by well-known characters.

Again, this doesn’t make it a bad book, but it is not the book that I was looking for and it’s unlikely that it’s the book that most historians would be looking for. It is aimed more, I would say, at a popular audience both in content (focus on just the most major players and lots on Nazis) and in format (no footnotes, lightly sourced). Beattie recommends Robert MacFarlane’s Mountains of the Mind (Grant Books, 2003) as his source on “how mountains in all parts of the world have been perceived in different eras, from medieval times to the present.” That may be the book I’m looking for, but the description and reviews on Amazon make me think not. I imagine there must be something from a French or Swiss historian, but I don’t know it… yet.


The Danube : A Cultural History

The Danube is the longest river in western and central Europe. Rising amidst the beautiful wooded hills of Germany's Black Forest, it touches or winds its way through ten countries and four capital cities before emptying into the Black Sea through a vast delta whose silt-filled channels spread across eastern Romania. From earliest times, the river has provided a route from Europe to Asia that was followed by armies and traders, while empires, from the Macedonian to the Habsburg, rose and fell along its length. Then, in the middle of the twentieth century, the Danube took on the role of a watery thread that unified a continent divided by the Iron Curtain. In the late 1980s the Iron Curtain lifted but the Danube valley soon became an arena for conflict during the violent break-up of the former Yugoslavia. Now, passing as it does through some of the world's youngest nations, including Slovakia, Croatia, Serbia, Moldova, and Ukraine, the river is a tangible symbol of a new, peaceful, and united Europe as well as a vital artery for commercial and leisure shipping.

Andrew Beattie explores the turbulent past and vibrant present of the landscape through which the Danube flows, where the enduring legacies of historical regimes from the Romans to the Nazis have all left their mark.


Cairo : a cultural history

"Cairo is . The largest metropolis in Africa since the Middle Ages, it was in Ibn Battutah's words 'the mother of cities.' With a present-day population of around eighteen million, this sprawling metropolis is home to one thousand new migrants every day, drawn to the seething intensity of a modern, cosmopolitan capital that blends together the cultures of the Middle East and Europe. The fabled city on the banks of the River Nile, once home to pharaohs and emperors, now forms a focal point of the Islamic faith and of the Arab world. Andrew Beattie explores the turbulent past and vibrant present of this city where the enduring legacies of the ancient Egyptians, the early Coptic Church, British colonial rule and the modernist zeal of the post-independence era have all left their mark."

Includes bibliographical references (pages 225-227) and indexes

The view from the tower -- Pharaonic Cairo -- Christian and Jewish Cairo -- Islamic Cairo -- Colonial Cairo -- Towards the twenty-first century city


A Short History Of Taxes

Benjamin Franklin was correct in his assessment of both death and taxes, but while taxes have been certain, they've been far from consistent. America was tax-free for much of its early history. That is, free of direct taxation like income tax. It was, after all, taxes that led Americans to revolt against the British in 1773. Following the Revolutionary War, the new American government was understandably cautious when it came to taxation--direct taxation was prevented by the constitution for all practical purposes.

Therefore, government revenues had to be collected through tariffs and duties on certain items. These excise taxes on liquor, tobacco, sugar, legal documents and so on betrayed a social agenda as well as a revenue-gathering attempt.

The first challenge to the system came in 1794, when the Whiskey Rebellion broke out. It was basically groups of Pennsylvanian farmers angry about the tax on whiskey burning down tax collectors' houses and tarring and feathering any collectors too slow to get away. Defending the right to collect their indirect taxes, Congress put down the revolt by military force.

War Is Hell, but Taxes Last Longer

The sanctity of the constitution and the ancestral aversion to taxes was tested again in the 1790s, when a war with France led to a property tax. The implementation of this tax was far from perfect, so the later war of 1812 was funded by higher duties and excise taxes. It would take a Civil War to bring income tax into the young nation.

The American Civil War was disastrous and expensive for the nation in that massive amounts of debt were incurred waging war against itself. In order to help pay for the war, the Congress passed the Revenue Act of 1861. The tax was levied on incomes exceeding $800 and was not rescinded until 1872. This act created most of what we consider the modern tax system. The U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) was founded, the tax was progressive and some deductions were allowed.

Rewriting the Constitution

The Constitution forbade any direct taxes that were not levied in proportion to each state's population. The Supreme Court declared a flat tax contained in the 1894 Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act unconstitutional in 1895. Although a victory for taxpayers, many people were beginning to note the damage that revenue-collecting tariffs and duties were having both on world trade and the living standards of the poor.

So the 16th Amendment was introduced in 1913 to pave the way to an income tax by removing the proportional to population clause, thus saving the poor souls at the IRS from the unemployment line. It was quickly followed by an income tax on people with an annual income of over $3,000. This tax touched less than 1% of Americans. Interestingly, the phrase "lawful income" was later changed to simply "income" in 1916, thus giving prosecutors a way to convict organized crime figures such as Al Capone when all other avenues were exhausted.

World War, World Prosperity, World Depression

World War I led to three Revenue Acts that cranked up tax rates and lowered the exemption levels. The number of people paying taxes in the U.S. increased to 5%, and separate taxes were introduced for estates and excess business profits. These taxes were rolled back following the war in five phases, and the economy experienced a huge boom. Government tax receipts reached $3.6 billion in 1918, the last year of the war. Despite lowering taxes, the government take reached $6.6 billion in 1920. The crash of 1929 and the financial fallout saw these revenues fall to $1.9 billion by 1932.

Roosevelt and Rising Taxes

Roosevelt's New Deal and WWII saw many taxes introduced or increased. The New Deal ran a heavy deficit that needed to be made up by revenue. By 1936 the top tax rate was a staggering 76% and the economy's output plummeted. Taxes were raised several more times with the exception of the 1938 Revenue Act--it contained a corporate tax cut that Roosevelt objected to, but that nevertheless passed. By 1940, the need for the U.S. to prepare for war and support its allies led to even more aggressive taxation. People with incomes of $500 faced a 23% tax and the rates climbed up to 94%. By 1945 43 million Americans paid tax and the yearly receipts were in excess of $45 billion, up from $9 billion in 1941.

The Revenue Act of 1945 rolled back $6 billion in taxes, but the burden of social security and an expanded government kept them from going much lower. Well into the '50s, the highest tax rate was over 80% and the pay-as-you-go withholding system introduced as a wartime measure was never shut down. Progress in lowering taxes was sporadic and confusing. Rather than rolling back rates as such, the tax code was being rewritten to allow deductions in certain circumstances or to lower rates on, say, private foundations while raising rates on corporate profits. This explosion in loopholes and fine print is one reason most people today can master the theory of relativity before the tax code.

The 1960s and '70s were a time of massive inflation, and government deficits continued to grow as Medicare was added to the expensive social security system. Inflation turned out to be a huge problem for taxpayers because taxes weren't indexed for it. This meant that although the real value of people's income was being decreased, they were also required to pay more tax as bracket creep set in. The '70s also saw President Nixon forced to pay over $400,000 in back taxes. With the controversy over the Watergate scandal, the president's tax evasion wasn't as big of an issue as it might have been.

The Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 represented a turning of the tide for taxation, even though it was only temporary. Reagan lowered all the individual tax brackets by 25% and changed the way companies accounted for capital expenditures, encouraging investment in equipment. Simultaneously, Reagan sought to bring inflation under control and succeeded a little too well. The government's budget was based on an accepted rate of inflation, and when the attempts to quash inflation kicked in too quickly, a deficit was created.

Consequently, Reagan had to pare back some of his tax cuts in 1984, specifically on the corporate side, to try and make up the budget shortfall. Despite this, the IRS announced that in 1985 more than 400,000 Americans had reached the millionaire rank thanks to the high-level tax cuts under Reaganomics. In 1986 another tax reform act lowered the top rate from 50% to 28% and cut corporate tax from 50% to 35%. With more Americans now willing to take their wealth in taxable income, the overall tax receipts were relatively unchanged despite the drop.

The Republicans did a lot to bring taxes under control, but their control over the size of government was less laudable. Medicare and Social Security were inherited burdens, but other expenditures were added to the bulging deficit. When Clinton came to power in the '90s, the downward trend in taxes was at an end. 1993 saw modest increases in taxes and 1997 saw the introduction of negative income tax. Negative income tax was a hidden spending program whereby people who paid no tax could get funds through the tax system in the form of tax credits.

The 2001 tax cut introduced by Bush once again dialed back the trend of tax increases but it continued to increase the tax credits that lead to negative income tax. Though not intended for it, this long-term tax cut helped shorten the recession following the dot-com crash, sparing the economy any specific stimulus measures. The Bush tax cuts expire in 2010 under a democratic government facing the retirement of the baby boomers and their expected strain on social programs.


Andrew Beattie

Deathgasm ( 2015 )
Film by Jason Lei Howden (Comedy and Horror) Makeup Department, Producer Two teenage boys unwittingly summon an ancient evil entity known as The Blind One by delving into black magic while trying to escape their mundane lives.

The Kick ( 2014 )
TV Movie by Danny Mulheron (Drama) Actor The Kick is the story of Stephen Donald, the highs and lows of his All Black career and that kick he slotted to ensure New Zealand won the Rugby World Cup in 2011

Orphans & Kingdoms ( 2014 )
Film by Paolo Rotondo (Drama) Special effects One night. One house. One Island. Everything changes for a lonely man and three delinquent kids. Three teenagers on the run, break into an empty holiday home on Auckland's stunning Waiheke Island. It's party time for the siblings until the owner unexpectedly arrives home, is knocked unconscious, and one of them is seriously injured. An unlikely bond forms as they attempt to get off the island. Written by Anonymous

The Hunting Party ( 2014 )
Film (short) by Andrew Beattie (Fantasy) Director, Writer New Zealand, 1917. Drawn to a remote forest with the promise of a rare trophy, a gentleman hunter finds himself in a fight for his mortal soul when his new hunting companions reveal themselves to be demons on a mission to tempt him into the ultimate sin.

Harry ( 2013 )
Television (Crime and Drama) Actor HARRY is a single story, six-part crime drama series set in Auckland which follows the intense psychological journey of Detective Harry Anglesea. Written by Desert Road

Top of the Lake ( 2013 )
Television by Gerard Lee (Crime, Drama, Mystery and Thriller) Actor When pregnant, 12-year-old Tui tries to kill herself in a freezing New Zealand lake, Detective Robin Griffin has plenty of questions for the girl. But when Tui suddenly disappears, Griffin finds herself knee-deep in small-town secrets.

White Lies ( 2013 )
Film by Dana Rotberg (Drama) Makeup Department White Lies is a story about the nature of identity: those who deny it and those who strive to protect it. Paraiti (Whirimako Black) is a medicine woman. She is the healer and midwife of her rural, tribal people - she believes in life. But new laws are in force prohibiting unlicensed healers. On a rare trip to the city, she is approached by Maraea (Rachel House), the servant of a wealthy woman, Rebecca (Antonia Prebble), who seeks her knowledge and assistance in order to hide a secret which could destroy Rebecca's position in European settler society. If the secret is uncovered a life may be lost, but hiding it may also have fatal consequences. So Paraiti, Maraea and Rebecca become players in a head on clash of beliefs, deception and ultimate salvation. Written by South Pacific Pictures

Over the Moon ( 2013 )
Film (short) by James Cunningham (Animation, Action, Comedy and Sci-Fi) Producer Heroine Connie Radar defends the moon from the USA and attempts to prevent the first moon landing.

Power Rangers Samurai ( 2012 )
Television by Haim Saban (Animation, Action, Adventure, Comedy and 3 More) Actor A new generation of Power Rangers must master the mystical and ancient Samurai Symbols of Power which give them control over the elements of Fire, Water, Sky, Forest, and Earth. Under the guidance of their all-knowing mentor and the aid of their devoted animal Zords, they battle the dark forces of the Netherworld and a mysterious Warrior bent on destruction. Written by Anonymous

Rotting Hill ( 2012 )
Film (short) by James Cunningham (Comedy, Horror and Romance) Special effects, Makeup Department It is not easy to find love, especially if you are falling apart, stinky and a little bloody around the edges. Welcome to Rotting Hill, where the extinction of humanity has led to the rise of a new species - ZOMBIES. Directed by James Cunningham and made by a team of seven Advanced 3D students from Media Design School. The short film took 12 weeks to produce, complete with 22 CGI visual effects shots. Rotting Hill is the collision of two film genres to make a zombie-romcom. It's a love story, with a bit of a twist. Written by Anonymous

How to Meet Girls from a Distance ( 2012 )
Film by Dean Hewison (Comedy) Producer Toby has always been unlucky with girls. Ever since getting stabbed in the throat after asking a girl out, Toby has resolved to learn everything he can about girls before meeting them. So he can become the man of their dreams. After faking yet another girlfriend, his mother takes matters into her own hands and signs him up with a dating coach. But Toby has finally found Phoebe. She's intelligent, enchanting and she's hot, everything Toby has been looking for. But this girl brings challenges that Toby hasn't had to face before including a boyfriend. Toby finds himself crossing lines he never thought he'd cross. Then there's the problem of how to keep her, without her finding out that he knows everything about her. How far would you go for a crush? Written by Toby

Slugs & Snails ( 2012 )
Film (short) by Luke Anastassiou (Comedy, Drama and Sci-Fi) Producer In a slimy future two burglars break into an apartment, but when they are confronted with an unexpected situation one of the men is forced to stand up to his ruthless counterpart.

First Contact ( 2010 )
Film (short) by James Cunningham (Animation, Comedy and Sci-Fi) Actor First Contact is a sci-fi comedy which shows why there are so few visits from aliens these days. Two aliens interrogate a sub-contractor who they sent to Earth to handle 'first contact', but things didn't quite go to plan. A hilarious discussion on the appropriate use of probes ensue. Written by Anonymous

The Insatiable Moon ( 2010 )
Film by Rosemary Riddell (Drama) Actor When Arthur, self-proclaimed son of God, sets off on a mission to find the Queen of Heaven, his world changes.

Eruption ( 2009 )
TV Movie by Danny Mulheron (Drama and Thriller) Actor Clive de Roo scientist discovers a new source of seismic activity beneath the Gulf of Waitemata. Provides that a new volcanic eruption could occur within the next few days. But it's hard to convince skeptical colleagues, undertook efforts to minimize the effects of this disaster. When the talks on the radio about the threat, we all think he's a harmless lunatic. An ambitious wife of Clive fears, however, that the discovery of her husband may deter investors, which would win for the company, in which he works. Written by krzysztofek1003

Ergotism ( 2008 )
Film (short) by Stefan Rochfort (Action and Comedy) Producer Throughout history, Ergot (a rare fungus) has polluted grain supplies, infecting whole populations at once with its psychedelic poison, akin to LSD. It has brought down entire armies, changed the face of Europe, been implicated in the Salem witch trials, and still makes appearances in isolated communities to this day. In 2004, an outbreak of gangrenous ergotism was reported in rural New Zealand. Three young loveable losers long to escape their small town existence, but poverty of funds and motivation have always held them back. When ergotism engulfs their rural community in a bad trip of biblical proportions, they become unlikely heroes, best equipped by their misspent youth to save the very place they yearn to escape. Written by Stefan Rochfort

The Devil Dared Me To ( 2007 )
Film by Chris Stapp (Action and Comedy) Actor "The Devil Dared Me To" follows the story of daredevil stuntman Randy Cambell and his quest to follow in his late father's footsteps and become New Zealand's greatest daredevil stuntman. Ever since growing up as a young boy on a remote New Zealand sheep-farm, Randy has dreamed of performing the ultimate daredevil stunt: jumping across Cook Strait in a rocket car. It is this dream that sends him on his quest from the South Island sheep farm to the bright lights of Auckland city. Along the way Randy teams up with the traveling misfit stunt-team the Timaru Hellriders, is employed by mentor-turned nemesis stunt co-ordinator Dick Johansonson, and meets the love of his life, the one-legged cunning stunt babe Tracy "Tragedy" Jones. Written by Karl Zohrab

In Her Line of Fire ( 2006 )
Film by Brian Trenchard-Smith (Action and Drama) Makeup Department When the Vice President's plane goes down near a remote Pacific island, he is kidnapped by rebel forces and held for ransom. It is up to his female Secret Service agent and a press secretary to infiltrate the camp and save him.

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King ( 2003 )
Film by Peter Jackson (Adventure and Fantasy) Special effects While Frodo & Sam continue to approach Mount Doom to destroy the One Ring, unaware of the path Gollum is leading them, the former Fellowship aid Rohan & Gondor in a great battle in the Pelennor Fields, Minas Tirith and the Black Gates as Sauron wages his last war against Middle-Earth. Written by Anonymous

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers ( 2002 )
Film by Peter Jackson (Adventure and Fantasy) Special effects While Frodo and Sam, now accompanied by a new guide, continue their hopeless journey towards the land of shadow to destroy the One Ring, each member of the broken fellowship plays their part in the battle against the evil wizard Saruman and his armies of Isengard.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring ( 2001 )
Film by Peter Jackson (Adventure and Fantasy) Special effects An ancient Ring thought lost for centuries has been found, and through a strange twist in fate has been given to a small Hobbit named Frodo. When Gandalf discovers the Ring is in fact the One Ring of the Dark Lord Sauron, Frodo must make an epic quest to the Cracks of Doom in order to destroy it! However he does not go alone. He is joined by Gandalf, Legolas the elf, Gimli the Dwarf, Aragorn, Boromir and his three Hobbit friends Merry, Pippin and Samwise. Through mountains, snow, darkness, forests, rivers and plains, facing evil and danger at every corner the Fellowship of the Ring must go. Their quest to destroy the One Ring is the only hope for the end of the Dark Lords reign! Written by Paul Twomey [email protected]>

Xena: Warrior Princess ( 1998 )
Television by Rob Tapert (Action, Adventure, Comedy, Drama and 2 More) Special effects Xena,once known as "Destroyer of Nations," tries to redeem herself by fighting for the greater good. On her quest, she meets Gabrielle, a small town bard hungry for adventure. Together they take down some of the worlds most formidable opponents, even the gods! Written by Willie Nelson Crane Jr

When Love Comes Along ( 1998 )
Film by Garth Maxwell (Drama and Romance) Makeup Department Between getting trashed, tripping, blowing guys off and writing songs, Mark falls for Stephen. Fig and Sally put perform Marks songs between casual sex with anyone and everyone. Katie is a few-hit wonder who hit rock-bottom in L.A and returns to New Zealand to patch her life back together. Stephen, Mark and Katie branch out for a slumber party at a beach house of their better days. Fig and Sally arrive, and not long after Eddie arrives also (Katies American guy). Mark stops running away from Stephens love, Katie and Eddie get engaged and Fig and Sally . have sex? Written by k wedgwood

The Ugly ( 1997 )
Film by Scott Reynolds (Drama, Horror and Thriller) Makeup Department Simon is a confessed serial killer who spent the last five years in a mental hospital because of his state. Dr.Karen Shoemaker wants to get through to him and starts visiting him in the hospital, and his previous life comes to us in flashbacks. Written by Anonymous

Hercules: The Legendary Journeys - Hercules and the Lost Kingdom ( 1994 )
TV Movie by Harley Cokeliss (Fantasy, Action and Adventure) Special effects Hercules is provoked till he has no other choice then fight Gargan, a giant who had absolutely no quarrel with him- and decks the mountain of aggression easily. Then the last survivor of a group of messengers, killed off one by one by Hera, dies after imploring him to come end her rule of terror in the 'lost city of Troy', which his father Zeus, who is once more unwilling to extend any more tangible help, discloses can only be found with the 'one true compass' last seen in the possession of queen Omphale. On his searching for her he frees -then against her will- Deianeira, the eager victim about to be sacrificed to the river god as virgin in the prime of her fertility to end a drought. He battles passed the 48 sons of the gate guardian and arranges to be sold at the annual slave market to the queen, who only wants him in her bed. After dealing with some protection racketeers and the devoted, happy palace slave Waylin he finally gets her late husbands compass from Omphale. He sets out . Written by KGF Vissers


My Research Activities

My research spans the fields of history, 'transitional justice' (the search for accountability after political transitions and regime changes), and 'memory studies' (processes of remembering, forgetting and representing the past). Empirically, my research explores the handling of the Nazi and communist legacies in Germany and beyond. Building on my previous work, including my first book on unified Germany's handling of the East German communist past, my research has had three related areas of emphasis.

First, I have become a recognised authority on the politics of memory in contemporary Germany, especially the connections and competitions between the Nazi and the communist pasts.

Second, I have contributed to the interdisciplinary field of transitional justice, looking beyond Germany to consider post-communist Eastern Europe more broadly.

Third, I have pursued an ambitious project on a neglected and misunderstood aspect of post-Nazi transitional justice: the victorious Allies' internment of over 400,000 German civilians in postwar Germany.

My 2020 book, Allied Internment Camps in Occupied Germany, published by Cambridge University Press, has received overwhelmingly positive reviews in the leading journals in the field:

- 'impressive', 'systematic', 'nuanced', 'persuasive', 'Beattie's book will interest all historians of the postwar occupation of Germany' (Central European History)

- 'powerfully argued', 'the depth and insight of this book, written by an expert in post-war German history, make it highly valuable reading for those interested in the Allied occupations, transitional justice and the legacies and aftermath of Nazism' (German History)

- 'clear and decisive', 'this book's contribution to understanding the similarities and differences between the occupying powers is unrivalled', 'the depth and range of the sources is striking' (European History Quarterly)

- 'an essential contribution' (H-War).


The Alps: A Cultural History

The Alps are Europe's highest mountain range their broad arc stretches right across the centre of the continent, encompassing a wide range of traditions and cultures. In former times the mountains were feared as the realm of wild and dangerous beasts, and the few travellers who ventured over high passes such as the Simplon or the Great St. Bernard expected to encounter tempests and torments of hellish proportions. But over time the Alps became celebrated by writers for their beauty rather than their savagery. In the . Read More

The Alps are Europe's highest mountain range their broad arc stretches right across the centre of the continent, encompassing a wide range of traditions and cultures. In former times the mountains were feared as the realm of wild and dangerous beasts, and the few travellers who ventured over high passes such as the Simplon or the Great St. Bernard expected to encounter tempests and torments of hellish proportions. But over time the Alps became celebrated by writers for their beauty rather than their savagery. In the nineteenth century, inspired in part by the work of poets such as Byron and Shelley, tourists began flocking to the mountains, and with the development of winter sports a hundred years ago the fate of the Alps as one of the great tourist playgrounds of the world was sealed. Andrew Beattie explores the turbulent past and vibrant present of this landscape, where early pioneers of tourism, mountaineering and scientific research, along with the enduring legacies of historical regimes from the Romans to the Nazis, have all left their mark. Historical Figures: From Julius Caesar and Hannibal to Napoleon and William Tell, the position of the Alps at the heart of Europe has led to centuries of war and conflict. Folklore and Tradition: The wildness of the mountains has inspired a unique popular culture, from legendary tales of dragons flying among the peaks to performances of religious passion plays in valley towns. Writers, Artists and Film-Makers: From the Romantic poets to Charles Dickens and Mark Twain from Turner and Ruskin to the film-maker Leni Riefenstahl from James Bond to Heidi and The Sound of Music the beautiful scenery of the Alps has provided the setting for dozens of books, poems, films and paintings through the centuries. Read Less


Andrew McGregor Beattie (1851 - 1925)

Andrew McGregor Beatty was born on 10 August 1851 and baptised at Kilskeery. He emigrated with his nephew James John Henderson to NSW, departing Plymouth and arriving in Sydney aboard the Peterborough on 26 August 1880. Also aboard the Peterborough was Andrew's neice Lucinda Christy, 17, farm servant born in Tyrone, mentioned in the previous chapter. Shortly thereafter he went to visit his sister Lucinda on Fish River Creek, and later began working for George Bailey at "Bloomfield" near Oberon. On 21 May 1884 at S. Barnabas' CoE Oberon, Andrew married Matilda Bailey, daughter of GEORGE BAILEY and JANE ARMSTRONG and born 16 June 1846. Eliza Jane Beattie and George Thomas Bailey were witnesses at the wedding.

Having suffered some deprivations on board Andrew was physically and mentally very ill on reaching Sydney, and was sent to Gladesville for treatment. He was admitted to Gladesville Hospital on the 9 September 1880 as Andrew McGregor Beatty, male, 26 years old, single, a labourer (immigrant), on advice of a Foucart McLaurie. He was said to be suffering from Melancholia for the previous 5 weeks, said to be his first attack of the insanity. He was discharged, recovered and cured, on the 27 December 1880, after 3 months 18 days in hospital. The hospital Gladesville Admission Register note "uncle" in the column titled "insane relations". Shortly after his discharge from Gladesville Andrew went to visit his sister Lucinda on Fish River Creek, and later began working for George Bailey at "Bloomfield" near Oberon. On 21 May 1884 at S. Barnabas' CoE Oberon, Andrew married Matilda BaileyEliza Jane Beattie and George Thomas Bailey were witnesses at the wedding. There were two children to the marriage:

Credit for above source - Ross Beattie .

The Lithgow Mercury of 3 August 1925 reported Andrew's passing thus:

DEATH OF AN OLD RESIDENT. (From Our Own Correspondent). Mr. Andrew McGregor Beattie died in Bathurst Hospital on Friday night, at the age of 72 years. Deceased had resided in the Oberon District for over 50 years, and followed farming and grazing pursuits. He has left a widow, one son and one daughter.

Immigration Agents Lists - Archives Authority of NSW reel #2141 Sydney Morning Herald 27th August 1880

The immigrant ship Peterborough, 1680 tons, Captain Gardiner, from London June 2 and Plymouth June 10, was reported off Jervis Bay on Wednesday, and, as the wind came round to the south yesterday, she was expected to enter an appearance, but was not in sight at sunset. The tug-boat Mystery was, however, in search of her, and took her in tow off Coal Cliff. The Peterborough entered the Heads at 11 o'clock last night, but there having been several cases of measles on board she went into quarantine, but is not likely to have a long detention. The ship has made an excellent passage, being only 77 days from Plymouth Messrs, John Frazer and Co. are the agents.


Sydney Morning Herald 28th August 1880


The passage of the Government immigrant ship Peterborough is an exceptionally speedy one, not withstanding that paltry and foul winds prevailed where good trades were expected. An unusual amount of sickness in the form of measles has existed on board. The first case broke out 13 days after leaving, and up to the present time 46 cases have occurred, none of which, however, appear to have terminated fatally. The malady is said to be of a mild type, and the twelve to fourteen cases now existing are shortly expected to be convalescent. Dr. Alleyne, on visiting the ship yesterday morning, had the patients removed to the quarantine houses, and as there was a small-pox patient on board Faraway he gave instructions for the removal of the Peterborough from Spring Cove to Watson's Bay. The removal was effected by the tug Mystery in the afternoon. Three deaths have taken place during the voyage, two of which were children, and the other a single girl named Julia Connochton. None of the deaths were, however, occasioned by contagious diseases. One birth took place. The immigrants comprise 395, equal to 346 statute adults. There are 32 married couples, 111 single men, 131 single women, and 90 children under age 12 years of age. The trades of the 135 males on board consist of 95 farm labourers, and the remaining 36 are distributed among twenty-four trades. The passengers have been under the care of Dr. booth, who has been here three times with immigrants in this ship. Miss Kent is charge of the single girls. Those on board appear in the best of spirits and are apparently contented with the voyage, the ship, and those in whose care they have been entrusted. Captain Gardiner informs us that the ship sailed from Plymouth, June 10 experienced no N.E. trades, hence the passage to the equator was prolonged to July 9 crossing latitude 23 west, had a very bad S.E. trades, with considerable downfall of rain passed the meridian of the Cape of Good Hope on July 27 in latitude 41 south ran the casting down to 42½ south, with heavy westerly weather, and a very low barometer : made the longitude of Cape Leuwin on August 16, where the weather improved, and the ship did some exceedingly good travelling passed Cape Otway on August 21 at 5.30 a.m. proceeded through Bass's Straits, and, when off Cape Howe, fell in with N.E. winds, and the wind continued adverse up to the day of arrival. The only damage done during the bad weather was off the Leuwin, when a heavy squall, which only lasted 10 minutes, carried away the lower mizen-topsail yard, the sail being reefed at the time. Made the passage from Plymouth to Sydney in 77 days.

Andrew was born in 1851. Andrew Beattie . He passed away in 1925. [1]

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In 1897, in the year that Andrew Beattie was born, in the January 22nd issue of "Engineering", the word "computer" was first used to refer to a mechanical calculation device. Previously - since the 17th century - the term computer meant "one who computes" and referred to human beings who worked with numbers.

In 1900, Andrew was only 3 years old when a massive hurricane, known as the Great Galveston hurricane, hit Galveston Texas. Winds hit up to 145 miles an hour (category 4) and it remains the single most deadly event in U.S. history. Between 6,000 and 12,000 died (most estimates are around 8,000 dead). The population of Galveston at the time was about 36,000 people in 1900.

In 1909, at the age of only 12 years old, Andrew was alive when the U.S. penny was changed to the Abraham Lincoln design. The Lincoln penny was so popular that it soon had to be rationed and it sold on the secondary market for a quarter. Abraham Lincoln was the first historical figure to be on a U.S. coin - which was released to commemorate his 100th birthday. This penny was also the first U.S. cent to include the words "In God We Trust.".

In 1917, in the year of Andrew Beattie's passing, on July 28, between ten and fifteen thousand blacks silently walked down New York City's Fifth Avenue to protest racial discrimination and violence. Lynchings in Waco Texas and hundreds of African-Americans killed in East St. Louis Illinois had sparked the protest. Picket signs said "Mother, do lynchers go to heaven?" "Mr. President, why not make America safe for democracy?" "Thou shalt not kill." "Pray for the Lady Macbeth's of East St. Louis" and "Give us a chance to live."


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