2016 Primary Schedule - History

2016 Primary Schedule - History


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Monday, February 1Iowa caucusTuesday, February 9New HapshireSaturday, February 20Nevada caucus (D)South Carolina (R)Tuesday, February 23 Nevada caucus (R)Saturday, February 27South Carolina (D)Tuesday, March 1AlabamaAlaska caucus (R)American Samoa caucus (D)ArkansasColorado caucusGeorgiaMassachusettsMinnesota caucusNorth Dakota caucus (R)OklahomaTennesseeTexasVermontVirginiaWyoming caucus (R)Saturday, March 5 Kansas caucusKentucky caucus (R)LouisianaMaine caucus (R)Nebraska caucus (D)Sunday, March 6 Maine caucus (D)Puerto Rico (R)Tuesday, March 8Hawaii caucus (R)Idaho (R)MichiganMississippiDemocrats AbroadSaturday, March 12 Guam (R convention)Northern Marianas caucus (D)District of Columbia caucus (R)Tuesday, March 15 FloridaIllinoisMissouriNorth CarolinaNorthern Mariana Islands caucus (R)OhioSaturday, March 19Virgin Islands caucus (R)Tuesday, March 22 American Samoa (R convention)ArizonaIdaho caucus (D)UtahSaturday, March 26 Alaska caucus (D)Hawaii caucus (D)Washington caucus (D)Tuesday, April 5WisconsinSaturday, April 9Wyoming caucus (D)Tuesday, April 19New YorkTuesday, April 2ConnecticutDelawareMarylandPennsylvaniaRhode IslandTuesday, May 3 IndianaSaturday, May 7 Guam (D)Tuesday, May 10Nebraska (R)West VirginiaTuesday, May 17 Kentucky (D)OregonTuesday, May 24Washington (R)Saturday, June 4 Virgin Islands caucus (D)Sunday, June 5Puerto Rico caucus (D)District of Columbia (D) CaliforniaMontanaNew JerseyNew MexicoNorth Dakota caucus (D)South DakotaTuesday, June 14District of Columbia (D)

Importance of the US Presidential Primaries

The U.S. presidential primaries and caucuses are held in the various states, the District of Columbia, and territories of the United States as a key part of the process of nominating candidates for election to the office of President of the United States.

The U.S. presidential primary elections typically start in February and do not end until June. How many times do we have to vote for a new President of the United States, anyway? Why can't we just go to the polls once in November and be done with it? What's so important about the primaries?


The 2016 Presidential Primary Delegate Tracker

Click on any state below and see who won the Republican and Democratic race popular votes, and the estimated number of delegates awarded.

Republican results in the US territories:

Puerto Rico: Marco Rubio won the Puerto Rico Republican primary on March 6, besting second-place finisher Donald Trump by 60 points.

Guam: The Guam Republican caucus isn’t until July, but the territory’s GOP has pledged all nine of its delegates to Donald Trump.

US Virgin Islands: Marco Rubio came out of the Republican caucus in the territory with two delegates, while Ted Cruz and Donald Trump each had one. The delegate selection process was marred by accusations of assault and defamation, according to Politico.

Northern Mariana Islands: Donald Trump won the Republican caucus in the territory with more than 72 percent of the vote and was awarded its nine delegates.

*Note: Colorado and North Dakota Republicans did not have a presidential candidate caucus or primary in 2016. In North Dakota, the state’s 25 delegates can vote for whomever they want at the national convention in Cleveland. Colorado’s 37 delegates were elected in April either as “pledged” delegates who promise to vote for a particular candidate, or “unpledged,” who can vote for anyone in Cleveland. Most of those delegates supported Ted Cruz.

Democratic results in the US territories:

Puerto Rico: Hillary Clinton handily won the Democratic primary in Puerto Rico on June 5. Amid reports of long lines and complaints about reduced polling locations, Clinton secured a majority of the island’s 60 delegates. She also has the support of most of the island’s seven superdelegates.

American Samoa: Hillary Clinton won the Democratic Caucus in American Samoa on March 1, netting four of the territory’s six pledged delegates, according to the New York Times.

Guam: Hillary Clinton won the Guam Democratic Caucuses on May 7, earning four of the territory’s seven elected delegates, according to the New York Times.

US Virgin Islands: Hillary Clinton won the caucus in the US Virgin Islands June 4, netting all seven of the territory’s pledged delegates. Clinton also has the support of four of the territory’s five superdelegates, according to the Washington Post.

Northern Mariana Islands: Hillary Clinton won the Norther Mariana Islands Democratic caucus March 12 by 20 points, netting four pledged delegates to Bernie Sanders’ two, according to the New York Times and Politico.

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IT'S NOT THAT WE'RE SCREWED WITHOUT TRUMP:

"It's that we're screwed with or without him if we can't show the public that what we do matters for the long term," writes Mother Jones CEO Monika Bauerlein as she kicks off our drive to raise $350,000 in donations from readers by July 17.

This is a big one for us. It's our first time asking for an outpouring of support since screams of FAKE NEWS and so much of what Trump stood for made everything we do so visceral. Like most newsrooms, we face incredibly hard budget realities, and it's unnerving needing to raise big money when traffic is down.

So, as we ask you to consider supporting our team's journalism, we thought we'd slow down and check in about where Mother Jones is and where we're going after the chaotic last several years. This comparatively slow moment is also an urgent one for Mother Jones : You can read more in "Slow News Is Good News," and if you're able to, please support our team's hard-hitting journalism and help us reach our big $350,000 goal with a donation today.

Donate

IT'S NOT THAT WE'RE SCREWED WITHOUT TRUMP:

"It's that we're screwed with or without him if we can't show the public that what we do matters for the long term," writes Mother Jones CEO Monika Bauerlein as she kicks off our drive to raise $350,000 in donations from readers by July 17.

This is a big one for us. So, as we ask you to consider supporting our team's journalism, we thought we'd slow down and check in about where Mother Jones is and where we're going after the chaotic last several years. This comparatively slow moment is also an urgent one for Mother Jones : You can read more in "Slow News Is Good News," and if you're able to, please support our team's hard-hitting journalism and help us reach our big $350,000 goal with a donation today.

Donate


Elections to watch

Presidential Voting Pattern

The percentages below show Virginia voter preference in general election presidential races from 2000 to 2012. Γ]

Virginia vote percentages

  • 2012: 51.2% Democratic / 47.3% Republican
  • 2008: 52.6% Democratic / 46.3% Republican
  • 2004: 45.5% Democratic / 53.7% Republican
  • 2000: 44.4% Democratic / 52.5% Republican

U.S. vote percentages

  • 2012: 51.1% Democratic / 47.2% Republican
  • 2008: 52.9% Democratic / 45.7% Republican
  • 2004: 48.3% Democratic / 50.7% Republican
  • 2000: 48.4% Democratic / 47.9% Republican

Footnotes

  1. National Conference of State Legislatures,"State Primary Election Types," accessed October 25, 2019
  2. FairVote,"Primaries," accessed October 25, 2019
  3. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013, through January 3, 2014, researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  4. Oregon Secretary of State Bev Clarno,"Voting in Oregon," accessed October 25, 2019
  5. The American Presidency Project, "Presidential Elections Data," accessed August 7, 2015

Ballotpedia uses these criteria to identify notable elections:

  • Incumbents facing more conservative or liberal challengers
  • Rematches between candidates
  • Elections that receive considerable media attention
  • Elections that could significantly affect the state's partisan balance
  • Noteworthy elections involving party leaders
  • Open, competitive elections with Republican and Democratic primaries
  • Elections that capture money and attention from outside groups, including key endorsements

Ballotpedia wants to keep you in the know. In our weekly newsletter, The Tap, we let you know the important things that happened last week and what you should look for this week.

Ballotpedia features 328,023 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. Click here to contact our editorial staff, and click here to report an error. Click here to contact us for media inquiries, and please donate here to support our continued expansion.


Other Election Information

Election Dates

Primary Election - April 26, 2016, 7 am until 8 pm

  • Early Voting for the Primary Election - Thursday, April 14, 2016 through Thursday, April 21, 2016 from 10 am until 8 pm.

General Election - November 8, 2016, 7 am until 8 pm

  • Early Voting for the General Election - Thursday, October 27, 2016 through Thursday, November 3, 2016 from 8 am until 8 pm.

Election Calendar

Candidate List

General Election Ballot Questions

There is one Constitutional Amendment that will appear statewide on the Novemeber 8, 2016 general election ballots. There are also four local referendums, passed by the General Assembly, that will appear on the ballots in certain counties. The Secretary of State is responsible for preparing and certifying the statewide ballot question language. Additionally, local ballot questions may appear in certain counties. The state and local ballot question language is available here. The signed ballot question certifications (PDF) can be found here.

Presidential Electors

Each political party in each of the 50 States and the District of Columbia submits a list of individuals pledged to their candidate for President and equal in number to the State's electoral vote (10 for Maryland). View the current list of Presidential electors submitted by the recognized political parties in Maryland.

To learn more about the Electoral College, see our Electoral College page. For historical information on the presidential Electors of Maryland see the Maryland State Archives's list of the presidential Electors in Maryland from 1789 to 2008.


South Carolina

Poll manager C'Andra Hill checks a voter's identification at a polling place at Sumter High School on voting day for the South Carolina Democratic primary in Sumter, S.C., Saturday, Feb. 27, 2016. | AP Photo

Presidential race: Hillary Clinton (D) vs. Donald Trump (R)

South Carolina has nine electoral votes in the general election. The last Democratic presidential nominee the state voted for was neighboring Gov. Jimmy Carter in 1976. While Donald Trump has been at war with the state's senior senator (and failed GOP presidential contender) Lindsey Graham, Trump will still win South Carolina.

Senate race: Sen. Tim Scott (R) vs. Thomas Dixon (D)

Scott, the first African-American to win a Senate election in the South since Reconstruction, is arguably the South Carolina's most popular politician. He’s a lock to win his first full 6-year term against a little-know pastor who’s barely raised any money.


2016 Primary Schedule - History

January 2016 through September 2016

On 13 August 2016, the American Independent Party nominated Donald John Trump, Sr. for President and Michael R. "Mike" Pence for Vice President. The convention was held in Sacramento, California.

Constitution Party nominates Darrell Castle for President and Scott Bradley for Vice President.

Voting for the 2016 Constitution Party Presidential nomination: Darrell Castle of Tennessee 184, Scott Copeland of Texas 103.5, Tom Hoefling of Iowa 19, J. R. Myers of Alaska 9, Daniel Cummings of Wyoming 9, Don Grundmann of California 6, John Diamond of Pennsylvania 5, Jeremy Friedbaum of Utah 4, absention 2 (Nevada 1, South Dakota 0.5). Total 341.

States voting: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania,.South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

21 states did not send delegates to the convention: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

The Vice-presidential nominee, Scott Bradley of Utah, was nominated by voice vote with no opposition.

The Green Party nominates Jill E. Stein (of Massachusetts) for President and Ajamu Baraka (of Washington, D.C.) for Vice President.

6 August 2016 Roll call vote: Jill E. Stein 233.5 (81.64%), William P. "Bill" Kreml 18.25 (6.38%), Sedinam Kinamo Christin Moyowasifza-Curry 14.5 (5.07%), Kent Philip Mesplay 7.5 (2.62%), Elijah D. Manley 3.25 (1.14%), Darryl Cherney 8.5 (2.97%), No candidate 0.5 (0.17%).

The Libertarian Party nominates Gary Johnson for President and William Weld for Vice President.

29 May 2016: Former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson won the Libertarian nomination for President at the party's convention in Orlando Florida on the 2nd ballot.

1st Ballot: Gary Johnson 458 (49.5%), Austin Petersen 197 (21.3%), John McAfee 131 (14.2%), Darryl Perry 63 (6.8%), Marc Allen Feldman 58 (6.3%), Kevin McCormick 9 (1.0%), None of the above 5 (0.5%), Ron Paul (Write-in) 1 (0.1%), Vermin Supreme (Write-in) 1 (0.1%), Heidi Zemen (Write-in) 1 (0.1%), Derrick Grayson (Write-in) 1 (0.1%), Totals 925 (100%).

No candidate achieved the majority on the first ballot. McCormick, the lowest vote getter, will be excluded from the 2nd ballot.

2nd Ballot: Gary Johnson 518 (56%), Austin Petersen 203 (21.9%), John McAfee 131 (14.2%), Darryl Perry 52 (5.6%), Marc Allen Feldman 18 (1.9%), Others 3 (0.3%), Totals 925 (100%).

Former Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts William Weld won the Libertarian Party's Vice Presidential nomination on the 2nd ballot.

1st Ballot: William Weld 426 (49.02%), Larry Sharpe 264 (30.38%), William Coley 93 (10.70%), Derrick Grayson 48 (5.52%), Alicia Dearn 29 (3.34%), None of the above 6 (0.69%), Daniel Hogan (Write-in) 1 (0.12%), Austin Petersen (Write-in) 1 (0.12%), Gary Johnson (Write-in) 1 (0.12%), Totals 869 (100%).

No candidate achieved the majority on the first ballot. Dearn, the lowest vote getter, will be excluded from the 2nd ballot. Dearn endorsed Weld. Coley and Grayson withdrew their names and endorsed Sharpe. Due to the Grayson's late withdrawal, his name remains on the ballot.

2nd Ballot: William Weld 441 (50.57%), Larry Sharpe 409 (46.90%), None of the above 12 (1.38%), Derrick Grayson 9 (1.03%), Mark Stewart (Write-in) 1 (0.12%), Totals 872 (100%).

On 13 August 2016, the Peace & Freedom Party of California nominated Gloria Estela La Riva for President. The vote was Gloria Estela La Riva 58, Monica Gail Moorehead 12, Jill E. Stein 9, and Lynn Sandra Kahn 1.


Politics Podcast: Iowa And New Hampshire Can Go To Hell

As you work farther into primary season, the differences between the calendar we&rsquove come up with and the still unfinalized 2020 calendar become less stark. The next 10 states in our rankings offer a wide variety of geographical and size diversity, much like the current Super Tuesday batch, and the order of states would matter less if multiple states vote on the same day, as is often the case. The main difference at this point is where some of the current carve-out states fall in our rearranging of the calendar. Iowa, New Hampshire and South Carolina would all go much later because they aren&rsquot that representative of the national Democratic Party as a whole, but punting these three states to the bottom of the list could risk serious political fallout for the party, in part because all three states would likely fight to maintain their privileged positions.

In particular, South Carolina&rsquos move to late in the calendar highlights an issue with this ranking that could cause a lot of blowback in the party. African-American voters account for about 20 percent of all Democrats nationwide, and they are particularly concentrated in the South. Along with South Carolina, the Deep South electorate in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and Mississippi all fall to the bottom of the rankings. But in the 2016 presidential primary, all of these states had voted by the second Tuesday in March, putting them toward the front of the calendar. African-Americans form a key voting bloc in the party, and moving heavily black states so far back in the calendar could anger some of those voters.

It&rsquos worth noting that this ranking technique gives a big advantage to states with diverse populations within their borders, but another approach could involve grouping states to produce representative electorates across state lines. Because multiple states vote on some primary dates, a group of states that aren&rsquot very representative of the national Democratic electorate on their own could combine to form a voter pool that looks much like the party as a whole. In other words, in lieu of ranking the states individually, the states could be organized so that each primary date is fairly representative. And the way the 2020 calendar is shaping up, the slate of states going after the carve-out contests will be quite diverse.

Another reason our primary calendar might fall short is that it doesn&rsquot take into consideration what general election voters might look like. The overall electorate is whiter than the Democratic Party, so determining the order of states by how representative they are of the whole national electorate may make more sense. After all, the ultimate goal for each party and its candidate is to win in November &mdash it&rsquos not enough to just win the party&rsquos nomination. Our hypothetical calendar also doesn&rsquot account for other considerations that might be worth digging into, such as the ideology of a state&rsquos electorate.

If this thought experiment has shown anything, it&rsquos that any change to the primary calendar would involve trade-offs for Democrats. In other words, there&rsquos no perfect primary calendar &mdash but it&rsquos still worth discussing whether the current one is worth keeping.


Sample case

A 50-year old patient without family or personal history comes for a screening colonoscopy, in which three polyps are found: a 10 mm polyp is removed from the cecum by snare technique after injection of saline to “lift” the polyp, a 5 mm polyp is removed from the descending colon by cold biopsy forceps, and a 5 mm polyp is removed from the rectum by cold biopsy forceps. The procedure is done with a certified registered nurse anesthetist (CRNA) providing moderate sedation.

Diagnoses

  • Z12.11: Encounter for screening for malignant neoplasm of the colon (note: it is important that the Z code is listed first)
  • D12.0: Benign neoplasm of the cecum
  • D12.4: Benign neoplasm of the descending colon
  • D12.8: Benign neoplasm of the rectum

Procedures

  • 45385–33: Colonoscopy with snare polypectomy modifier to indicate preventative screening procedure.
  • 45380–59: Colonoscopy with biopsy, single or multiple modifier to indicate distinct procedures. Note: report only once, even if multiple polyps are removed by the same technique.
  • 45381–51: Colonoscopy with submucosal injection (any substance) modifier to indicate multiple procedures at the same setting.
  • The CRNA reports 99149–33: Moderate sedation services, provided by a physician other than the physician performing the diagnostic service modifier to indicate preventative screening procedure.

Reimbursement

  • The endoscopist will be reimbursed 4.67 wRVU for colonoscopy with snare + 0.3 wRVU for the submucosal injection + 1.02 wRVU for the biopsy polypectomies, for a total of 5.99 wRVU. The total reimbursement also includes practice expense RVU and liability RVU the sum is multiplied by a conversion factor determined by the payor.
  • The CRNA will be reimbursed at a rate determined by the payor, as the moderate sedation has not been assigned a relative value.
  • The patient would be exempt from a copay for the value of the screening colonoscopy (3.36 wRVU) and the sedation. The patient would be responsible for a copay on the additional 2.63 wRVU from the therapeutic procedures.

*All specific references to CPT codes and descriptions are © 2016 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT and CodeManager are registered trademarks of the American Medical Association.


Watch the video: ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ και ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΗ


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